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Lernwerkstatt Aachen GbR
Mathematik | Physik | Chemie


Bildbeschreibung und Urheberrecht

Atomradien


In Pikometern


Basiswissen


Von 25 pm des Wasserstoffs bis zu 270 pm bei Francium: hier stehen die Atomradien, sortiert nach Ordnungszahl der Elemente.

Legende


◦ 1. Spalte: Ordnungszahl
◦ 2. Spalte: Symbol
◦ 3. Spalte: Englischer Name
◦ 4. Spalte: Empirischer Radius in pm
◦ 5. Spalte: Berechneter Radius in pm
◦ 6. Spalte: Van de Vaals Radius in pm
◦ 7. Spalte: Kovalent, zweifach in pm
◦ 8. Spalte: Kovalent, dreifach in pm
◦ 9. Spalte: Metallgitter in pm

Pikometer


◦ Ein Pikometer sind 10 hoch -12 Meter.
◦ 100 Pikometer sind ein Angström.

Liste


1 | H | hydrogen | 25 | 53 | 120 | 38 | / |
2 | He | helium | 120 | 31 | 140 | 32 | / |
3 | Li | lithium | 145 | 167 | 182 | 134 | / | 152
4 | Be | beryllium | 105 | 112 | 153 a | 90 | 85 | 112
5 | B | boron | 85 | 87 | 192 a | 82 | 73 |
6 | C | carbon | 70 | 67 | 170 | 77 | 60 |
7 | N | nitrogen | 65 | 56 | 155 | 75 | 54 |
8 | O | oxygen | 60 | 48 | 152 | 73 | 53 |
9 | F | fluorine | 50 | 42 | 147 | 71 | 53 |
10 | Ne | neon | 160 | 38 | 154 | 69 | / |
11 | Na | sodium | 180 | 190 | 227 | 154 | / | 186
12 | Mg | magnesium | 150 | 145 | 173 | 130 | 127 | 160
13 | Al | aluminium | 125 | 118 | 184 a | 118 | 111 | 143
14 | Si | silicon | 110 | 111 | 210 | 111 | 102 |
15 | P | phosphorus | 100 | 98 | 180 | 106 | 94 |
16 | S | sulfur | 100 | 88 | 180 | 102 | 95 |
17 | Cl | chlorine | 100 | 79 | 175 | 99 | 93 |
18 | Ar | argon | 71 | 71 | 188 | 97 | 96 |
19 | K | potassium | 220 | 243 | 275 | 196 | / | 227
20 | Ca | calcium | 180 | 194 | 231 a | 174 | 133 | 197
21 | Sc | scandium | 160 | 184 | 211 a | 144 | 114 | 162 b
22 | Ti | titanium | 140 | 176 | / | 136 | 108 | 147
23 | V | vanadium | 135 | 171 | / | 125 | 106 | 134 b
24 | Cr | chromium | 140 | 166 | / | 127 | 103 | 128 b
25 | Mn | manganese | 140 | 161 | / | 139 | 103 | 127 b
26 | Fe | iron | 140 | 156 | / | 125 | 102 | 126 b
27 | Co | cobalt | 135 | 152 | / | 126 | 96 | 125 b
28 | Ni | nickel | 135 | 149 | 163 | 121 | 101 | 124 b
29 | Cu | copper | 135 | 145 | 140 | 138 | 120 | 128 b
30 | Zn | zinc | 135 | 142 | 139 | 131 | / | 134 b
31 | Ga | gallium | 130 | 136 | 187 | 126 | 121 | 135 c
32 | Ge | germanium | 125 | 125 | 211 a | 122 | 114 |
33 | As | arsenic | 115 | 114 | 185 | 119 | 106 |
34 | Se | selenium | 115 | 103 | 190 | 116 | 107 |
35 | Br | bromine | 115 | 94 | 185 | 114 | 110 |
36 | Kr | krypton | / | 88 | 202 | 110 | 108 |
37 | Rb | rubidium | 235 | 265 | 303 a | 211 | / | 248
38 | Sr | strontium | 200 | 219 | 249 a | 192 | 139 | 215
39 | Y | yttrium | 180 | 212 | / | 162 | 124 | 180 b
40 | Zr | zirconium | 155 | 206 | / | 148 | 121 | 160
41 | Nb | niobium | 145 | 198 | / | 137 | 116 | 146 b
42 | Mo | molybdenum | 145 | 190 | / | 145 | 113 | 139 b
43 | Tc | technetium | 135 | 183 | / | 156 | 110 | 136 b
44 | Ru | ruthenium | 130 | 178 | / | 126 | 103 | 134 b
45 | Rh | rhodium | 135 | 173 | / | 135 | 106 | 134 b
46 | Pd | palladium | 140 | 169 | 163 | 131 | 112 | 137 b
47 | Ag | silver | 160 | 165 | 172 | 153 | 137 | 144 b
48 | Cd | cadmium | 155 | 161 | 158 | 148 | / | 151 b
49 | In | indium | 155 | 156 | 193 | 144 | 146 | 167
50 | Sn | tin | 145 | 145 | 217 | 141 | 132 |
51 | Sb | antimony | 145 | 133 | 206 a | 138 | 127 |
52 | Te | tellurium | 140 | 123 | 206 | 135 | 121 |
53 | I | iodine | 140 | 115 | 198 | 133 | 125 |
54 | Xe | xenon | / | 108 | 216 | 130 | 122 |
55 | Cs | caesium | 265 | 298 | 343 a | 225 | / | 265
56 | Ba | barium | 215 | 253 | 268 a | 198 | 149 | 222
57 | La | lanthanum | 195 | / | / | 169 | 139 | 187 b
58 | Ce | cerium | 185 | / | / | 165 | 131 | 181.8 c
59 | Pr | praseodymium | 185 | 247 | 10 | 11 | 128 | 182.4 c
60 | Nd | neodymium | 185 | 206 | 20 | 20 | / | 181.4 c
61 | Pm | promethium | 185 | 205 | / | / | / | 183.4 c
62 | Sm | samarium | 185 | 238 | / | / | / | 180.4 c
63 | Eu | europium | 185 | 231 | / | / | / | 180.4 c
64 | Gd | gadolinium | 180 | 233 | / | / | 132 | 180.4 c
65 | Tb | terbium | 175 | 225 | / | / | / | 177.3 c
66 | Dy | dysprosium | 175 | 228 | / | / | / | 178.1 c
67 | Ho | holmium | 175 | 226 | / | / | / | 176.2 c
68 | Er | erbium | 175 | 226 | / | / | / | 176.1 c
69 | Tm | thulium | 175 | 222 | / | / | / | 175.9 c
70 | Yb | ytterbium | 175 | 222 | / | / | / | 176 c
71 | Lu | lutetium | 175 | 217 | / | 160 | 131 | 173.8 c
72 | Hf | hafnium | 155 | 208 | / | 150 | 122 | 159
73 | Ta | tantalum | 145 | 200 | / | 138 | 119 | 146 b
74 | W | tungsten | 135 | 193 | / | 146 | 115 | 139 b
75 | Re | rhenium | 135 | 188 | / | 159 | 110 | 137 b
76 | Os | osmium | 130 | 185 | / | 128 | 109 | 135 b
77 | Ir | iridium | 135 | 180 | / | 137 | 107 | 135.5 b
78 | Pt | platinum | 135 | 177 | 175 | 128 | 110 | 138.5 b
79 | Au | gold | 135 | 174 | 166 | 144 | 123 | 144 b
80 | Hg | mercury | 150 | 171 | 155 | 149 | / | 151 b
81 | Tl | thallium | 190 | 156 | 196 | 148 | 150 | 170
82 | Pb | lead | 180 | 154 | 202 | 147 | 137 |
83 | Bi | bismuth | 160 | 143 | 207 a | 146 | 135 |
84 | Po | polonium | 190 | 135 | 197 a | / | 129 |
85 | At | astatine | / | 127 | 202 a | / | 138 |
86 | Rn | radon | / | 120 | 220 a | 145 | 133 |
87 | Fr | francium | / | / | 348 a | / | / | /
88 | Ra | radium | 215 | / | 283 a | / | 159 | /
89 | Ac | actinium | 195 | / | / | / | 140 |
90 | Th | thorium | 180 | / | / | / | 136 | 179 b
91 | Pa | protactinium | 180 | / | / | / | 129 | 163 d
92 | U | uranium | 175 | / | 186 | / | 118 | 156 e
93 | Np | neptunium | 175 | / | / | / | 116 | 155 e
94 | Pu | plutonium | 175 | / | / | / | / | 159 e
95 | Am | americium | 175 | / | / | / | / | 173 b
96 | Cm | curium | 176 | / | / | / | / | 174 b
97 | Bk | berkelium | / | / | / | / | / | 170 b
98 | Cf | californium | / | / | / | / | / | 186+/- 2 b
99 | Es | einsteinium | / | / | / | / | / | 186+/- 2 b
100 | Fm | fermium | / | / | / | / | / | /
101 | Md | mendelevium | / | / | / | / | / | /
102 | No | nobelium | / | / | / | / | / | /
103 | Lr | lawrencium | / | / | / | / | / | /
104 | Rf | rutherfordium | / | / | / | / | 131 | /
105 | Db | dubnium | / | / | / | / | 126 | /
106 | Sg | seaborgium | / | / | / | / | 121 | /
107 | Bh | bohrium | / | / | / | / | 119 | /
108 | Hs | hassium | / | / | / | / | 118 | /
109 | Mt | meitnerium | / | / | / | / | 113 | /
110 | Ds | darmstadtium | / | / | / | / | 112 | /
111 | Rg | roentgenium | / | / | / | / | 118 | /
112 | Cn | copernicium | / | / | / | / | 130 | /
113 | Nh | nihonium | / | / | / | / | / | /
114 | Fl | flerovium | / | / | / | / | / | /
115 | Mc | moscovium | / | / | / | / | / | /
116 | Lv | livermorium | / | / | / | / | / | /
117 | Ts | tennessine | / | / | / | / | / | /
118 | Og | oganesson | / | / | / | / | / | /

Quelle


◦ Wikipedia-Datenseite: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_radii_of_the_elements_(data_page)

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