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Die englische und die deutsche Sprache haben als germanische Sprachen eine gemeinsame Wurzel. Nachdem die Römer ab 410 nach Christus England aufgegeben hatten, begannen Stämme aus Norddeutschland und Dänemark England immer mehr zu besiedeln und zu beeinflussen. Die alten keltischen Sprachen wurden in Randgebiete (Cornwall, Wales, Isle of Man, Schottland, Irland) zurückgedrängt, germanische Dialekte setzten sich schnell durch. Noch heute weisen viele Wortähnlichenkeiten zwischen dem Englischen und Deutschen auf die gemeinsame Wurzel hin. Hier ist eine kleine Auswahl:

◦ alderman => Alter Mann [alter und damit weiser Mann?]
◦ angel => Engel
◦ angle => Angel [Winkel/Tür-Angel?]
◦ apple => Apfel
◦ arm => Arm
◦ ash => Asche
◦ ass => Esel
◦ aunt => Tante
◦ ax => Axt
◦ babble => Babbeln [Dialekt]
◦ back => Buckel [Rücken]
◦ bake => backen
◦ ball => Ball
◦ bare => bar [nackt, entblößt, frei von]
◦ bark => Borke
◦ bea => Biene
◦ beam => Baum [Idee des dicken Stammes aus Holz]
◦ bear => Bär
◦ beard => Bart
◦ beast => Biest [Tier]
◦ beech => Birke
◦ beer => Bier
◦ believe => glauben [etwa im rheinische Dialekt: isch jelööv]
◦ bench => Bank
◦ berry => Beere
◦ bight => Bucht
◦ bit => Bißchen
◦ bite => beissen
◦ bitter => bitter
◦ bleak => Bläch [im Kölner Dialekt: blank, nackt]
◦ bleak => blank [Kölsch: Bläck Föhs = nackte Füße]
◦ blind => blind
◦ blood => Blut
◦ blooming => blühend [wie in Blume]
◦ blue => Blau
◦ boat => Boot
◦ bondage => gebunden [?]
◦ bone => Bein [Knochen, wie in Nasenbein]
◦ book => Buch [Buche]
◦ born => Born [geboren werden, Quelle]
◦ borrow => borgen [?]
◦ bottle => Buddel [?]
◦ bottom => Boden [?]
◦ bow => Bogen
◦ boy => Bub [?]
◦ bread => Brot
◦ brine => Brühe [Idee des Salzigen?]
◦ brook => Bruch [?] Bach und feuchte Niederung
◦ brown => Braun
◦ butter => Butter
◦ cackle => gackern
◦ calf => Kalb
◦ can => kann
◦ can => Kanne
◦ car => Karre
◦ cellar => Keller
◦ chalk => Kalk
◦ cheese => Käse
◦ chick => Gickel [Hühnchen]
◦ church => Kirche
◦ claw => Klauen [klauen?]
◦ cleft => geklefft: Dialekt: Fenster einen Spalt weit geöffnet
◦ clock => Glocke [Idee der Glocke die die Stunde schlägt]
◦ clover => Klee
◦ coal => Kohle
◦ coast => Küste
◦ cock => Gocken [Hahn]
◦ cold => Kälte
◦ comb => Kamm
◦ cook => Koch
◦ cord => Kordel [Seil]
◦ cork => Korken
◦ corn => Korn
◦ cow => Kuh
◦ cross => Kreuz
◦ crow => Krähe
◦ crown => Krone
◦ crust => Kruste
◦ cry => kreischen [?]
◦ cuckoo => Kuckuck
◦ dale => Tal
◦ damp => Klamm: im Sinne von feucht [?]
◦ dance => Tanz
◦ dapper => tapfer [?]
◦ daughter => Tochter
◦ day => Tag
◦ deal => Teil
◦ deep => Diep: tief, in vielen Ortsnamen in Deutschland
◦ devil => Teufel [Dialekt: Daiwel]
◦ dew => Tau
◦ door => Tür
◦ do => tu
◦ dragon => Drachen
◦ draught => Trocken[heit]
◦ dream => Traum
◦ drink => trinken
◦ drop => Tropfen
◦ drum => Trommel
◦ dry => trocken [droog]
◦ dumb => dumm [taub/dumm]
◦ dyke => Deich
◦ eagle => Adler
◦ ear => Ohr
◦ earth => Erde
◦ East Anglia => Ostangeln
◦ Easter => Ostern
◦ east => Osten
◦ eat => essen
◦ eel => Aal
◦ elk => Elch
◦ Essex => Ostsachen
◦ eye => Auge
◦ fable => Fabel
◦ fairy => Feen
◦ fall => fallen
◦ far => fern
◦ fat => fett
◦ father => Vater
◦ fear => Furcht
◦ fear => Gefahr
◦ feather => Feder
◦ feel => fühlen
◦ fell => fällen
◦ fern => Farn
◦ fiddle => Fiedel
◦ field => Feld
◦ field => Feld
◦ fiend => Feind
◦ fight => Streit [?]
◦ finch => Finke
◦ finger => Finger
◦ fire => Feuer
◦ first => Fürst, Dachfirste: sinngemäß: das Erste/Oberste]
◦ fisher => Fischer
◦ fish => Fisch
◦ flake => Flocke
◦ flame => Flamme
◦ flank => Flanke
◦ flea => Floh
◦ flee => flüchten
◦ flesh => Fleisch
◦ flood => Flut
◦ flow => Fluß [?]
◦ flute => Flöte
◦ flux => Fluss [?]
◦ fly => Fliege
◦ foal => Fohlen
◦ fold => falten
◦ food => Fodder [Pferdeheu]
◦ foot => Fuß
◦ fork => Forke: Gabel und Heugabel
◦ forward => vorwärts
◦ foul => faul
◦ fowl => Vogel
◦ fox => Fuchs
◦ Friday => Freitag
◦ friend => Freund
◦ frog => Frosch
◦ frost => Frost
◦ full => voll
◦ furrow => Furche
◦ gate => Gatter
◦ ghost => Geist
◦ girdle => Gürtel [umgürten]
◦ girl => Göre
◦ glass => Glas
◦ glide => gleiten
◦ glimmer => Glimmer [glitzern, Mineral das glitzert]
◦ glimmer => Glimmer [glühen und das Mineral]
◦ glow => glühen
◦ gnat => Gnitze
◦ gnat => Schnake
◦ gnaw => Knabbern
◦ god => Gott
◦ gold => Gold
◦ goose => Gans
◦ gore => gären [Idee des Eiterns, Gärens?]
◦ gout => Gicht
◦ grab => greifen [?]
◦ grass => Gras
◦ great => groß
◦ green => grün
◦ grey => grau
◦ ground => Grund
◦ gruesome => gruselig [?]
◦ guilt => Geld [Schuldverhältnis]
◦ gully => Gülle [Abfall?]
◦ gum => Gaumen
◦ hair => Haar
◦ hair => Haar
◦ hand => Hand
◦ hare => Hase [?]
◦ harsh => Harsch [schroffe Art, schroffer Schnee?]
◦ hate => Hass
◦ hat => Hut
◦ head => Haupt
◦ hear => hören
◦ hear => hören
◦ heart => Herz
◦ heath => Heide [?]
◦ heat => Hitze
◦ hedge => Hecke
◦ hell => Hölle
◦ hewn => behauen [Stein]
◦ hey => Heu
◦ high => hoch
◦ hill => Hügel
◦ hill => Hügel
◦ hoek => Eck
◦ hole => hohl [?]
◦ hole => Höhle [?]
◦ holy => heilig
◦ holy => heilig
◦ home => Heim
◦ honey => Honig
◦ hoof => Hufe
◦ horn => Horn [wie bei Hörnern]
◦ hot => heiß
◦ hound => Hund
◦ hour => Uhr
◦ house => Haus
◦ hut => Hütte
◦ ice => Eis
◦ idle => eitel [Idee der Nutzlosigkeit?]
◦ iron => Eisen
◦ iron => Eisen
◦ island => Eiland
◦ kale [seakale] => Kohl
◦ keel => Kiel
◦ king => König
◦ knave => Knabe [?]
◦ knee => Knie
◦ knife => Kneibsche [?] beides für Messer
◦ knight => Knecht [?]
◦ knob => Knopf
◦ knoll => Knolle: Erdhügel oder Erdklumpen
◦ know => knobeln [?]
◦ lair => Lager [?]
◦ lake => Lache
◦ lamp => Lampe
◦ lance => Lanze
◦ land => Land
◦ last => letzte
◦ leak => Leck
◦ lead => Lot [schweres Blei, Senkblei]
◦ leaf => Laub
◦ lean => lehnen
◦ leather => Leder
◦ lid => Lieder [Idee des Verschließens]
◦ life => Leben
◦ linen => Leinen
◦ lip => Lippe
◦ liver => Leber
◦ loaf => Laib [Brotkörper?
◦ loam => Lehm
◦ look => guck [sieh hin?]
◦ loose => lose
◦ loud => laut
◦ love => Liebe
◦ lung => Lunge
◦ lust => Lust
◦ man => Mensch
◦ mare => Mähre [Pferd]
◦ market => Markt
◦ master => Meister
◦ mast => Mast
◦ matter => Matte
◦ meagre => mager
◦ mellow => mell [weich wie Obst]
◦ meshed=> up => gemischt
◦ mesh => Masche
◦ middle => Mitte
◦ might => Macht
◦ milk => Milch
◦ miller => Müller
◦ mister => Meister
◦ misty => Mist [Wetter und Abfall: beides mies?]
◦ Monday => Montag
◦ moon => Mond
◦ moor => Moor
◦ more => mehr
◦ moss => Moos
◦ mother => Mutter
◦ mould => Mulde [Idee der Mulde als Form beim Gießen?]
◦ mouse => Maus
◦ mouth => Mund
◦ mud => Schmuddel [?]
◦ murderer => Mörder
◦ murder => Mord
◦ murky => Murks [Idee des Unklaren?]
◦ nail => Nagel
◦ neck => Nacken
◦ needle => Nadel
◦ nest => Nest
◦ net => Netz
◦ night => Nacht
◦ north => Norden
◦ nose => Nase
◦ nostril => Nüstern
◦ oak => Eiche
◦ oil => Öl
◦ old => alt
◦ owl => Eule
◦ oxen => Ochse
◦ Oxford => Ochsenfurt
◦ paddle => Paddel
◦ pan => Pfanne
◦ pan => Pfanne
◦ path => Pfad
◦ pear => Birne
◦ pearl => Perle
◦ pest => Pest
◦ pick => picken
◦ pipe => Pfeife
◦ piss => Pisse
◦ plank => Planke
◦ plate => Platte
◦ poke => stochern [?]
◦ poke => pochen [?]
◦ pot => Pott
◦ powder => Puder
◦ pox => Pocken
◦ praise => Preis [loben]
◦ pray => predigen [?]
◦ puddle => Pfütze [?]
◦ pump => pumpen
◦ quarrel => querulieren
◦ quit => quitt [auseinandergehen, sich einigen können?]
◦ race => Ratzefatz [Idee der Schnellheit]
◦ rain => Regen [rheinischer Dialekt: et iss am rähne]
◦ rake => Rechen
◦ rash => rasch: beides meint so viel wie schnell
◦ rat => Ratte
◦ rattle => rattern
◦ raven => Rabe
◦ reach => reichen
◦ red => rot
◦ rhyme => Reim
◦ rich => reich
◦ riddle => Rätsel
◦ ride => reiten
◦ rise => reisen [?]
◦ road => Rad [Idee der guten Wegbarkeit?]
◦ roast => rösten
◦ room => Raum
◦ rotten => verdorben [verrottet]
◦ rough => rauh [?]
◦ round => rund
◦ rover => Räuber [Umhertreiber?]
◦ row => Reihe
◦ rump => Rumpf
◦ run => rennen
◦ rustle => Rascheln
◦ rusty => rostig
◦ saddle => Sattel
◦ sail => Segel
◦ sail => Seil [Tau=> /Segelwerk?]
◦ salad => Salt
◦ salt => Salz
◦ sand => Sand
◦ saw => Säge
◦ seam => Saum
◦ sea => See
◦ seed => Saat
◦ see => sehen
◦ shadow => Schatten
◦ shallow => schal, Schale [Idee fehlender Tiefe?]
◦ shawl => Schal
◦ shawl => Schal
◦ shear => Schere
◦ sheen => Glanz [Schein]
◦ sheen => Schien
◦ sheep => Schaf
◦ shell => Schill [Idee des Muscheligen?]
◦ shield => Schild
◦ ship => Schiff
◦ shit => Schiet [Mist]
◦ shoe => Schuh
◦ shoot => schießen [?]
◦ shoulder => Schulter
◦ show => Schau [mach' so keine Schau!]
◦ sick => siech
◦ side => Seite
◦ silver => Silber
◦ sink => sinken
◦ sledge => Schlitten
◦ smite => schmeißen [?]
◦ snout => Schnauze
◦ snout => Schnauze [Idee des langgezogenen?]
◦ snow => Schnee
◦ sober => sauber [im Kopf?]
◦ sod => Sodden [Erdklumpen]
◦ son => Sohn
◦ sorcerer => Zauberer
◦ soup => Suppe
◦ sour => sauer
◦ south => Süden
◦ sow => säen
◦ sow => Sau: weibliches Schwein
◦ spade => Spaten
◦ sparrow => Spatz
◦ spear => Speer
◦ spooky => Spukhaft
◦ stage => Steg [Holzboden auf Stützen?]
◦ star => Stern
◦ stave => Stab
◦ steal => stehlen
◦ steer => steuern
◦ stem => Stamm
◦ stick => Stock
◦ still => still
◦ stone => Stein
◦ stool => Stuhl
◦ stork => Storch
◦ strangle => strangulieren
◦ straw => Stroh
◦ straw => Stroh
◦ stream => Strömung [Bächlein und Strömung]
◦ street => Straße
◦ stripe => Streifen
◦ strong => streng [?]
◦ stump => stumpen [im Cricketspiel, stubsen im Dialekt, umwerfen]
◦ suckling => Säugling
◦ suck => saugen
◦ sugar => Zucker
◦ Sunday => Sonntag
◦ sun => Sonne
◦ Sussex => Südsachsen
◦ swallow => Schwalbe
◦ sweat => schwitzen
◦ swell => Schwall [Idee des Wellenartigen?]
◦ swim => schwimmen
◦ swindle => schwindeln
◦ swine => Schwein
◦ sword => Schwert
◦ table => Tafel
◦ tale => erzählen [?]
◦ tannery => Tanne [Gerberei -> Tannin als Stoff?]
◦ thief => Dieb
◦ think => Denken
◦ tides => Gezeiten
◦ tip => Zipfel [?]
◦ toe => Zeh
◦ toe => Zeh
◦ tower => Turm
◦ town => Zaun: ein größeres Dorf [mit Palisadenzaun]
◦ trouble => Trubel [?]
◦ trumpet => Trompete
◦ turn => turnen [drehende Bewegung?]
◦ twig => Zweig
◦ twilight => Zwielicht
◦ twitter => zwitschern
◦ uncle => Onkel
◦ wall => Wall: Mauer und Schutzwall
◦ war => Wehr
◦ wasp => Wespe
◦ wasteland => Wüste
◦ water => Wasser
◦ wave => Welle
◦ wave => Welle
◦ wax => Wachs
◦ wax => wachsen [der Mond]
◦ way => weg
◦ weak => wacklig [?]
◦ Weald => Wald
◦ weather => Gewitter [?]
◦ week => Woche
◦ weg => weben [Idee des vermaschten, verwebten]
◦ well => Beinwell [Kraut das gut für die Knochen ist]
◦ Wessex => Westsachsen
◦ west => Westen
◦ whale => Wal
◦ whirl => Wirbel
◦ white => weiß
◦ whole => heil [im Sinne von ganz?]
◦ wife => Weib
◦ window => Wind-Ooge: das Auge des Windes [im Haus]
◦ wind => Wind
◦ wine => Wein
◦ wolf => Wolf
◦ woman => Woll-Mann: der Mensch, der Wolle macht
◦ wool => Wolle
◦ world => Welt
◦ worm => Wurm
◦ yard => Garten [?]
◦ year => Jahr
◦ yell => gellend [beides hysterische Laute wie beim Lachen?]
◦ yellow => Gehl [gelb]
◦ yesterday => "gester"-Tag
◦ yoke => Joch
◦ yonder => jenseits [?]
◦ young => jung

Siehe auch

=> Hessisch-Englisch [einige Auffälligkeiten]
=> Anglizismen
=> Sprachen
=> Hessisch
=> Englisch
=> Deutsch